Everything You Need to Know About the Canadian ELD Mandate
Everything You Need To Know About the Canadian ELD Mandate

The FMCSA’s final ELD rule, published on December 16, 2015, is expected to improve fleet operations, reduce administrative burden, and maximize profits. It is also expected to save 26 lives and prevent 562 injuries every year. Additionally, America’s trucking industry will also be able to save approximately $1 billion through the use of ELDs.

The numerous benefits of the ELD mandate have made it clear that this is the future of the trucking industry. If fleets want to improve operations and increase safety, they will have to adopt ELDs and automate as many tasks as possible.

Keeping all these wonderful benefits in mind, Canada is also on its way to implement a full-fledged ELD mandate.

Complete details aren’t available yet, and the exact timeline is still a bit blurry. But we have listed down everything that we know about the Canadian ELD mandate in this post. We will discuss:

  • The importance and need of the Canadian ELD mandate
  • Similarities between the U.S. and Canadian ELD mandate
  • Differences between the U.S. and Canadian ELD mandate
  • The timeline of the Canada ELD mandate

Let’s begin.

The Necessity of an ELD Mandate in Canada

The Necessity and Importance of the Canadian ELD Mandate

Canada acknowledges the fact that electronic logging is the future. They certainly realize how important an ELD mandate is for increasing safety and accountability in the trucking industry.

Additionally, improving road safety, preventing errors and log tempering, eliminating harassment, and driver coercion are other important goals that can be achieved with an active electronic logging device mandate.

However, another important point is that the U.S. ELD mandate has made it very important for Canada to also adopt a similar kind of mandate.

The annual trade between the United States and Canada amounts to approximately $662 billion. Thousands of commercial trucks cross borders for completing deliveries. Since the U.S. ELD mandate requires Canadian and Mexico-domiciled to adopt the ELD mandate while operating in the U.S. territory, it makes sense for CCMTA to announce an ELD mandate for the Canadian trucking industry.

The Canadian ELD Mandate Closely Resembles the U.S. ELD Mandate

Canada’s ELD mandate closely remembers the U.S. ELD mandate. This is because — as stated above as well —  a large amount of goods are transferred across the border on a daily basis.

If both e-log regulations closely resemble with each other, drivers would find it easier to stay compliant — regardless of whichever side of the border they are.

Having said that, there are a number of differences in both ELD mandates as well. In the following section, we have highlighted a few similarities as well as all the differences there are between the U.S. and Canada ELD mandate.

Similarities Between the Canadian and U.S. ELD Mandate

Similarities between U.S. and Canadian ELD Mandate

  • Data Collection

The data collected by ELDs under both the mandates is the same. An ELD records driving time, engine hours, miles driven, location, etc.

  • Information Sharing

For roadside inspections, the documents generated by the ELDs should be in a standardized format under both the U.S. and Canada mandate.

  • Driver Control over HOS Entries

Under both ELD mandates, drivers have control over their HOS entries. Fleet managers can not edit them without their authorization.

Differences Between the Canadian and the U.S. ELD Mandate

Differences between Canada and U.S. ELD Mandate

While there are many similarities, there are also some differences between the Canadian and U.S. ELD mandate. Here are the major differences between the two regulations:

  • Transferring of Data

The U.S. mandate requires carriers to send detailed reports for every eight days to the enforcement authorities, whereas the Canada ELD mandate does not require carriers to send detailed files.

As per the Canadian ELD mandate, carriers are required to transfer the 14-day log data in non-editable PDFs.

  • Location Sources

When manufacturers update their ELDs to comply with ELD mandates, they need to get a location for various events, such as personal conveyance, yard moves, duty status, or any other unassigned vehicles moves. There is a difference between the U.S. ELD mandate and the Canadian ELD mandate on how this location data is collected.

In the U.S. mandate, the federal government requires ELD manufacturers to use the GNIS (Geographic Names Information System) for all locations in the country.

On the other hand, the Canadian ELD mandate requires the the Canadian government to provide the location files to the ELD manufacturers that they can use to get direction and distance.

  • Differences in Personal Conveyance

ELDs allow drivers to log into personal conveyance mode and drive. The U.S ELD mandate doesn’t keep limits on the personal conveyance time of the drivers.

However, the Canadian ELD mandate requires ELD vendors to set the device such that when a driver exceeds 75 km of personal conveyance in a 24-hour period, the ELD automatically changes the status from ‘personal conveyance’ to ‘driving’.

The Timeline of the Canadian ELD Mandate

Timeline of the Canada ELD Mandate

The Canadian ELD mandate has still a long way to go before it is fully functional. The Canadian ELD mandate is divided into four phases. Following are the details of those four phases and the expected timeline.

Milestone 1 — Public Comment Period

The public comments for Gazette I are scheduled for the second quarter of the year 2017.

Milestone 2 — Tentative Publish Target

Following the public comment period, the tentative publish target is expected to schedule for the fourth quarter of 2017.

Milestone 3 — Compliance Date

The compliance date is expected to be scheduled sometime in the fourth quarter of the year 2019.

Milestone 4 — The End Date of the Grandfather Clause

Two years after the compliance date, the grandfather clause is expected to end in the fourth quarter of the year 2021.

Conclusion

As mentioned earlier, the Canadian ELD mandate is still a work in progress, and the CCMTA is working towards its completion as soon as possible. The dates mentioned in this article are tentative deadlines. Nothing is 100% finalized at the moment.

However, there isn’t any debate on the differences and similarities between the U.S. and Canada ELD mandate.

For more updates and news, stay tuned.

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